District of Columbia vs. Heller

 

  • June 26, 2008
  • 554 U.S. 570
  •  landmark case from the Supreme Court of the United States
  • held that the Second Amendment protects an individual’s right to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia
  • Supreme Court affirmed by a vote of 5 to 4
  • Heller had approached the National Rifle Association about a lawsuit to overturn the D.C. gun ban, but they declined

Tiahrt Amendment

 

  • February 20, 2003
  • proposed by Todd Tiahrt (R-Kan.)
  • prohibited the ATF from publicly releasing data showing where criminals purchased their firearms
  • only law enforcement officers or prosecutors

National Instant Criminal Background Check System

United States system for determining if prospective firearms or explosives buyers’ name and birth year match those of a person who is not eligible to buy through an FFL

Background checks are not required under federal law
for intrastate firearm transfers between private parties

Lautenberg Amendment

The Domestic Violence Offender Gun Ban,

  • September 30, 1996
  • 1996 Enacted by the 104th United States Congress
  • bans access to firearms by people convicted of crimes of domestic violence
  • called “the Lautenberg Amendment”
  • sponsored by Senator Frank Lautenberg (D – NJ).
  • Gun Ban for Individuals Convicted of a Misdemeanor Crime of Domestic Violence”
  • Pub.L. 104–208, 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(9))
  • Amendment to the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act of 1997

Gun-Free School Zones Act

Gun-Free School Zones Act (GFSZA)

  • November 29, 1990
  • introduced by Senator Herb Kohl of Wisconsin
  • signed into law by President George H. W. Bush.
  • act of the U.S. Congress prohibiting any unauthorized individual from knowingly possessing a loaded or unsecured firearm at a place that the individual knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is a school zone
  • applies to public, private, and parochialelementary schools and high schools
  • applies to non-private property within 1000 feet of schools

 

  • It provides that the states and their political subdivisions may issue licenses that exempt the licensed individuals from the prohibition.

Firearm Owners Protection Act

 

  • prohibiting a national registry of dealer records
  • limiting ATF inspections to once per year
  • allowing licensed dealers to sell firearms at “gun shows”
  • removed regulations on the sale and transfer of ammunition
  • prohibited civilian ownership or transfer of machine guns made after May 19, 1986
  • redefined “silencer” to include parts intended to make silencers ?

Arms Export Control Act

Arms Export Control Act of 1976

  • Title II of Pub.L. 94–329, 90 Stat. 729
  •  codified at 22 U.S.C. ch. 39
  •  H.R. 13680 legislation was passed by the 94th Congressional session
  • enacted into law by the 38th President of the United States Gerald R. Ford
  • on June 30, 1976
  • requires international governments receiving weapons from the United States to use the armaments for legitimate self-defense
  •  places certain restrictions on American arms traders and manufacturers