District of Columbia vs. Heller

  • Argued March 18, 2008
    Decided June 26, 2008
  • 554 U.S. 570
  •  landmark case from the Supreme Court of the United States
  • held that the Second Amendment protects an individual’s right to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia
  • Supreme Court affirmed by a vote of 5 to 4
  • Heller had approached the National Rifle Association about a lawsuit to overturn the D.C. gun ban, but they declined

Presser v. Illinois

Argued November 23–24, 1885
Decided January 4, 1886

the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution limited only the power of Congress and the national government to control firearms, not that of the states, a

 “Unless restrained by their own constitutions, state legislatures may enact statutes to control and regulate all organizations, drilling, and parading of military bodies and associations except those which are authorized by the militia laws of the United States.” It states that the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution limited only the power of Congress and the national government to control firearms, not that of the states, and that the right to peaceably assemble was not protected by the clause referred to except to petition the government for a redress of grievances.