District of Columbia vs. Heller

  • Argued March 18, 2008
    Decided June 26, 2008
  • 554 U.S. 570
  •  landmark case from the Supreme Court of the United States
  • held that the Second Amendment protects an individual’s right to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia
  • Supreme Court affirmed by a vote of 5 to 4
  • Heller had approached the National Rifle Association about a lawsuit to overturn the D.C. gun ban, but they declined

Gun-Free School Zones Act

Gun-Free School Zones Act (GFSZA)

  • November 29, 1990
  • introduced by Senator Herb Kohl of Wisconsin
  • signed into law by President George H. W. Bush.
  • act of the U.S. Congress prohibiting any unauthorized individual from knowingly possessing a loaded or unsecured firearm at a place that the individual knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is a school zone
  • applies to public, private, and parochialelementary schools and high schools
  • applies to non-private property within 1000 feet of schools


  • It provides that the states and their political subdivisions may issue licenses that exempt the licensed individuals from the prohibition.

Dr. Jennifer Carlson

  • Assistant Professor of Sociology University of Arizona
  • 2015 – Author – Citizen-Protectors: The Everyday Politics of Guns in an Age of Decline

Jerry Patterson

November 15, 1946

  • 1969 Texas A&M University
  • 1972 volunteered for duty in Vietnam
  • 1993 retireed from the Marine Corps Reserve as a Lieutenant Colonel 
  • 1993 – 1999 Texas State Senator
  • 1995 sponsored and shepherded a number of Texas CHL bills
  • 1997 successful effort and the equally important Texas CHL revision
  • 2003 – 2015 27th Land Commissioner of Texas
  • June 5, 2007 named “Texan of the Year” by Celebrate Texas