Firearm Law Enforcement

ATF

  • 1791 first tax on whiskey
  • 1792 ATF Began under Internal Revenue
  • 1862 Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • 1919 Prohibition
  • 1927 became Prohibition Unit
    – Bureau of the U.S. Department of the Treasury
    – new mission of crime fighting
  • 1930 transferred to the U.S. Department of Justice
  • 1933 prohibition ended
  • 1933 Alcohol Tax Unit (ATU)
    – of the Internal Revenue Service
    –  U.S. Department of the Treasury
  • 1951 Bureau of Internal Revenue became the Internal Revenue Service
    – ATU absorbed the Miscellaneous Tax Unit
    – responsible for collecting taxes on tobacco
    – regulatory provisions of the National Firearms Act of 1934
  • 1952  Internal Revenue Service consolidated internal enforcement as the “Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division”
  • 1960s Moonshine
  • 1968 Omnibus Crime Control Act & Gun Control Act (GCA)
    – jurisdiction over destructive devices
  • 1970 Organized Crime Control Act
  • 1971 became the Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Division
  • 1972 became independent Bureau
    – reports directly to the U.S. Department
  • 1970s investigation of illicit alcohol, to crimes involving firearms, explosives, and arson
  • 1992 Branch Davidians, Waco, Texas
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