Harriet Tubman

March 1822 – March 10, 1913

  • Araminta “Minty” Ross
  • Born into slavery
  • 1844 – Married John Tubman
  • changed her name from Araminta to Harriet soon after her marriage
  • 1849 – escaped and made 13 missions to rescue 70+ slaves
  • Tubman carried a small revolver, and was not afraid to use it
  • 1858 – met abolitionist John Brown and became “General Tubman” when she helped him plan his raid (that he was killed for)
  • 1859 – Purchased property in Auburn, New York
  • 1860 – her last rescue mission
  • Civil War worked for the Union Army, first as a cook and nurse, and then as an armed scout and spy
  • 1863 – The first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war
  • June 1 & 2, 1863 – Tubman guided the raid at Combahee Ferry wich liberated 700+ slaves
  • 1865 She returned home to NY
  • 1869 – Her biography was published – Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman
  • 1886 – Volume 2 was published – Harriet, the Moses of her People
  • 1889 – Congress passed and President William McKinley finally approved a $20 per month pension for some of her efforts during the Civil War
  • 1896 – keynote speaker at first meeting of  National Federation of Afro-American Women
  • 1908 – Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged  opened on her NY property
  • 1913 – She was buried with semi-military honors at Fort Hill Cemetery in Auburn, NY
  • 1937 – Her grave marker was erected by the Empire State Federation of Women’s Clubs
  • 1999 – Her grave was added to National Register of Historic Places

“There was one of two things I had a right to”, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other”

Tubman
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