1934 National Firearms Act

What is the 1934 National Firearms Act ?

  • June 26, 1934
  • strict government regulation and tax of machine guns, short-barreled rifles, and silencers
  •  imposed a tax on the manufacturing, selling, and transporting of firearms listed in the law


  • 1968 Haynes v. United States  effectively gutted the National Act of 1934


transformed crime

  • response to gangster culture
  • Prohibition-era violence
  • attempted assassination of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933
  • advent of the “getaway car”

Another federal law soon followed in the National Firearms Act of 1938, which required the licensing of interstate gun dealers.



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