History of Concealed Carry

  • July 30th, 1619 – Virginia’s first gun control law regulated the sale of firearms to Native American = First General Assembly of Jamestown

Jim Crow laws

Passed in the South after the Civil War because the racists did not want the newly emancipated slaves to own firearms

  • Feb 3, 1813 – Kentucky = ban overturned in court in 1850
  • March 25, 1813 – Louisiana
  • Jan 14, 1820 – Indiana
  • 1833 – Georgia enacts a law that provides, “it shall not be lawful for any free person of colour in this state, to own, use, or carry fire arms of any description whatever …… that the free person of colour, so detected in owning, using, or carrying fire arms, shall receive upon his bare back, thirty-nine lashes, and that the fire arms so found in the possession of said free person of colour, shall be exposed to public sale ….”
  • Dec 25, 1837 – Georgia
  • 1837-38 Legislative Session – Arkansas
  • Jan 27, 1838 – Tennessee – concerned only with knives
  • Feb 2, 1838 – Virginia
  • Feb 1, 1839 – Alabama – only cutting and stabbing instruments in 1837, amended in 1839 to include fire arms.
  • April 12, 1871 – first Texas law against concealed and open carry
    An Act to Regulate the Keeping and Bearing of Deadly Weapons
     ch. 34, §1, 1871 Tex. Gen. Laws 25

  • 1911 New York Sullivan Act
    – 1st required a license to possess and carry a pistol

hailed in the press because it would ‘keep guns out of the hands of low-brow foreigners,’ 


Uniform Firearms Act

  • California
  • North Dakota
  • New Hampshire
  • Michigan
  • Connecticut
  • New Jersey
  • Rhode Island
  • Massachusetts
  • Hawaii
  • Oregon

 

  • Alabama
  • Indiana
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Dakota
  • Washington

  • 1923 New Hampshire
  • 1961 Washington
    “required that if the applicant for a concealed weapon permit was allowed to possess a handgun under Washington law, the permit had to be issued” 
  • 1969 Connecticut – a Handgun Review Board was established to minimize arbitrary denials
  • 1976 – Georgia  
    – Zell Miller (GA lieutenant governor)
    – Ed Topmiller ( NRA director and former border patrolman )
  • 1980 – Indiana – become shall-issue
  • 1985 – Maine and North Dakota – become shall-issue
  • 1986 – South Dakota – become shall-issue

  • 1989 Oregon
  • 1989 Pennsylvania
  • 1989 West Virginia

  • 1990 Idaho
  • 1990 Mississippi 

  • 1991 Montana

  • 1994 Alaska
  • 1994 Arizona
  • 1994 Tennessee
  • 1994 Wyoming

  • 1995 Arkansas
  • 1995 North Carolina
  • 1995 Oklahoma
  • 1995 Texas
  • 1995 Nevada
  • 1995 Utah
  • 1995 Virginia

  • 1996 Kentucky
  • 1996 Louisiana
  • 1996 South Carolina
  • 1996 West Virginia passed it again

  • 2001 Michigan
  • 2001 New Mexico

  • 2003 Colorado
  • 2003 Minnesota
  • 2003 Missouri

  • 2004 Ohio

  • 2006 Kansas
  • 2006 Nebraska

  • 2003 Alaska = no-license concealed carry
  • 2008 District of Columbia v. Heller
  • 2010 concealed carry in national parks
  • 2010 Ended prohibition on firearms checked on Amtrak trains
  • 2010 Arizona = no-license concealed carry
  • 2011 Iowa shall-issue
  • 2011 Wisconsin shall-issue
  • 2011 Wyoming no-license concealed carry for residents

  • 2010 – 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled it unconstitutional for Illinois to ban concealed carry
  • 2013 – Illinois began shall-issue CCW (last state)
  • 2014 – 9th U.S. Circuit Court ruled California’s “show good reason” requirement for a concealed carry license was unconstitutional

 

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